Sleep is divided into two basic types: rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM.

The non-REM sleep component is referred to as slow wave sleep or deep sleep. People usually dream during REM sleep.

When you’re awake, your ability to function and feel well is dependent on how much total sleep you get as well as how much of each type of sleep you get. It’s also important to sleep at a time when your body is relaxed and ready for sleep.

Throughout your life, sleep is important for your health and wellbeing. The right amount and quality of it can positively impact your mental and physical health, safety and quality of life.

When you sleep, your body works hard to support healthy brain functionšŸ¤—. Sleep also supports growth and development in children and teens. When it comes to training and physical activity, sleep aids in the healing and repair of the heart and blood vesselsā¤. Getting enough sleep helps regulate hormone levels that affect hunger (ghrelin) and satiety(leptin). Lack of sleep increases your level of ghrelin and decreases your level of leptin. As a result, you are more hungry than if you were well-rested. When children and adolescents sleep deeply, the body releases a hormone that helps promote normal growth. In addition, this hormone is responsible for increasing muscle mass and repairing cells and tissues in adults. 

It is possible for sleep deprivation to harm you instantly, but it can also harm you over time. Chronic sleep deprivation, for instance, can lead to chronic health conditions. You may also find it difficult to communicate, work or learnšŸ˜©.

So how can you improve your sleepšŸ¤—?!

  1. Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
  2. Donā€™t BINGE sleep on the weekends. The disruption of your body clock’s sleep-wake rhythm can be caused by staying up late on weekends.
  3. Keep your bedroom quiet, cool, and dark.
  4. Avoid caffeine (such as caffeinated soda, tea coffee, and chocolate)
  5. 30-60min before bed use for quiet time. Avoid bright artificial light, such as from a phone, TV or computer screen. 

If you do, however, suffer from chronic sleep deprivation you can visit your doctor and discuss a plan of action that will best work for you.


Author: Natalia Lopes